News

Events

Here you can find upcoming events of the MPSD institute.

MPSD Seminar

Paolo G. Radaelli - Lecture 5: Applications of representations to physics problems

See 'more' for link for lecture notes and supportin material. [more]

MPSD ARD Seminar

Thomas Renger - Structure-based theory of light-harvesting in photosynthesis

Two challenges in the simulation of excitation energy transfer and optical spectra of pigment-protein complexes are the equal magnitude of the excitonic and the exciton-vibrational coupling and the structure-based parametrization of the Hamiltonian (for review see ref. 1). We have developed quantum chemical/electrostatics/normal mode analysis (NMA) schemes to calculate optical transition energies of pigments in their binding site in the protein (site energies), interpigment excitonic couplings and the spectral density of the pigment-protein coupling. Our NMA of the spectral density shows that the modulation of site energies is an order of magnitude stronger than that of the excitonic couplings and that also in the basis of delocalized exciton states the diagonal exciton-vibrational coupling dominates [2]. This result explains the good performance of our earlier time-local lineshape theory [3], in which the diagonal elements are treated exactly and the off-diagonal elements in Markov and secular approximations, and triggered a new development that takes into account the finite relaxation time of nuclei during exciton relaxation [4]. I will give a summary of our theory development and present applications on a small model system (water soluble chlorophyll binding protein -WSCP) and large photosystem II core particles. In the case of WSCP we have developed and applied a theory of holeburning spectroscopy [5] that goes beyond the standard two-level system approach and allows for a quantitative description of experimental data, revealing the lifetime of the upper exciton state, in excellent agreement with results from 2D electronic spectroscopy and our earlier prediction [6]. In the case of photosystem II I will present results of the parametrization of the exciton Hamiltonian of its subunits [7-9]. These parameters were used to describe VIS/IR pump-probe data on single crystals of PSII core particles [10] that allowed for a verification of our earlier prediction [11] on the relative timescale of excitation energy and charge transfer in this system. The results are discussed in terms of photoprotection scenarios that allow photosystem II to switch between a light harvesting and an excitation energy quenching mode protecting the reaction center. [more]

MPSD Seminar

Xin Li - Ab initio exciton model for excited state dynamics

The Frenkel exciton model is a useful tool for coarse-graining electronic structures of multichromophoric systems. In particular, ab initio exciton model has proven powerful in theoretical simulations of large and complicated systems like light-harvesting complexes. However, conventional implementations take into account only excitons that are localized on chromophore monomers. To make the model more general, we first expanded the ab initio exciton model by including the charge-transfer excited states, and demonstrated that the model is robust and predicts reliable charge-transfer excitation energies and asymptotic behavior. We then further expanded the ab initio exciton model by incorporating the singlet-coupled triplet pair, the key excited states in singlet fission. Comparison with multiconfigurational methods confirms that our exciton model predicts consistent energies and couplings and captures the correct physics. The development of the excitation energies, couplings and analytical derivatives for the ab initio exciton model allows nonadiabatic simulations of excited state dynamics by means of ab initio multiple spawning technique. We show the possibility of carrying out molecular dynamics simulations on adiabatic energy surfaces as well as nonadiabatic dynamics simulations to properly model population transfer between electronic states. [more]

MPSD Seminar

Paolo G. Radaelli - Lecture 7: Tensors and tensor products of representations

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MPSD Seminar

Paolo G. Gadaelli - Lecture 8: “Physical” tensors

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MPSD ARD Seminar

Kay Gruenewald - Structural cell biology of virus-host interactions - an integrative approach

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