Michael Zürch - Photoexcitation dynamics in semiconductors and two-dimensional semiconductors observed by attosecond core-level spectroscopy
11:30 - 12:30
University of California at Berkeley
CFEL (Bldg. 99)
Seminar Room IV, O1.111
Investigation of the ultrafast photoexcited electronic response in semiconductors has provided invaluable insights into carrier dynamics. Germanium and its alloys with Si have promise for creating multi-junction solar cells with higher efficiency and mid-infrared optoelectronics. However, the dynamics are complicated by multiple energetically similar valleys, rendering an understanding of carrier thermalization and population inversion following photoexcitation difficult. Attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy (ATAS) has recently been employed to probe ultrafast electron and hole dynamics in germanium at the M4,5-edge (~30 eV). In the experiment, a 5 fs VIS-NIR pump pulse excites carriers across the direct band gap and the dynamics are probed with a time-delayed broadband extreme ultraviolet pulse generated by high harmonic generation in xenon spanning ~20-45 eV. The observed transient absorption signal contains the energetic distribution of both carriers, electrons and holes, due to state blocking as well as spectroscopic features induced by bandshifts (e.g. due to band gap renormalization) and broadening (e.g. due to many body effects). By iterative procedures the measured signal can be successfully decoupled into these contributions resolving the carrier and band dynamics with excellent time and energy resolution. Hot carrier relaxation on a 100-fs time scale and carrier recombination on a 1-ps time scale are observed in nanocrystalline Germanium. Going from bulk semiconductor to two-dimensional layers, long-lived core-exciton states are observed at the MoN2,3 edge between 32 and 35 eV in MoS2. Comparing the XUV absorption spectra of bulk and monolayer MoS2, a ~4 eV red-shift suggests a tightly bound core-exciton. The lifetime of the core-exciton states can be directly measured in the time domain. Furthermore, transient Stark shifts, coherences, and coherent population transfer between different core-exciton states are observed.
J. Borja, M. Zürch, C. D. Pemmaraju, M. Schultze, K. Ramasesha, A. Gandman, J.
S. Prell, D. Prendergast, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, "Extreme
ultraviolet transient absorption of solids from femtosecond to attosecond
timescales," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33, 000C57 (2016).
H.-T. Chang, M. Zürch, P. M. Kraus, L. J. Borja, D. M. Neumark, and S. R.
Leone, "Simultaneous generation of sub-5 femtosecond 400 nm and 800 nm
pulses for attosecond extreme ultraviolet pump-probe spectroscopy," Opt.
Lett. 41, 5365 (2016).
Zürch, H.-T. Chang, L. J. Borja, P. M. Kraus, S. K. Cushing, A. Gandman, C. J.
Kaplan, M. Hwan Oh, J. S. Prell, D. Prendergast, C. D. Pemmaraju, D. M.
Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Direct and Simultaneous Observation of Ultrafast
Electron and Hole Dynamics in Germanium,” Nat. Comm. 8, 15734 (2017).
Zürch, H.-T. Chang, P. M. Kraus, S. K. Cushing, L. J. Borja, A. Gandman, C. J.
Kaplan, M. Hwan Oh, J. S. Prell, D. Prendergast, C. D. Pemmaraju, D. M. Neumark
and S. R. Leone, “Ultrafast Carrier Thermalization and Trapping in
Silicon-Germanium Alloy Probed by Extreme Ultraviolet Transient Absorption Spectroscopy,”
Struct. Dyn. 4, in press (2017).
K. Cushing, M. Zürch, P. M. Kraus, L. M. Carneiro, A. Lee, H.-T. Chang, C. J.
Kaplan, and S. R. Leone, “Valley-Specific Hot Phonon and Carrier Relaxation
Pathways in Si(100) Determined by Transient Extreme Ultraviolet Spectroscopy,”
arXiv arXiv:1705.04393 (2017)