Michael Bonitz - Femtosecond electron dynamics in strongly correlated finite systems

MPSD Seminar

  • Datum: 16.10.2018
  • Uhrzeit: 14:00 - 15:00
  • Vortragende(r): Michael Bonitz
  • Institut für Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik, Kiel University
  • Ort: CFEL (Bldg. 99)
  • Raum: Seminar Room III, EG.080
  • Gastgeber: Angel Rubio

The correlated dynamics of fermions following an external excitation is of interest in many fields, in particular strongly correlated materials, dense plasmas and ultracold atoms. Excitations include laser pulses, rapid changes (quenches) of confinement potentials or the impact of charged particles. The situation is even more complex if the system is finite and spatially inhomogeneous.

During the past decade we have systematically developed nonequilibrium Green functions (NEGF) simulations for such problems [1, 2]. Combined with computational optimization and GPU computing long propagations of quite large systems of any geometry are possible where other methods fail or are unreliable.

I will present three examples. The first concerns the dynamics of ultracold fermions following a confinement quench where we observe excellent agreement with experiments [3]. The second is the stopping of energetic ions in correlated finite graphene-type clusters. The third is laser pulse excitation of graphene nanoribbons where nontrivial correlation effects, such as carrier multiplication are observed.


[1] K. Balzer and M. Bonitz, “Nonequilibrium Green's Functions Approach to Inhomogeneous Systems”, Lecture Notes in Physics, Springer, vol. 867 (2013)

[2] M. Bonitz, “Quantum Kinetic Theory”, 2nd ed. Springer 2016

[3] Niclas Schlünzen, Sebastian Hermanns, Michael Bonitz, and Claudio Verdozzi,

Phys. Rev. B 93, 035107 (2016)

[4] K. Balzer, N. Schlünzen, and M. Bonitz, Phys. Rev. B 94, 245118 (2016)

[5] K. Balzer, M. R. Rasmussen, N. Schlünzen, J.-P. Joost, and M. Bonitz, submitted for publication, arXiv:1801.05267

[6] J.-P. Joost, N. Schlünzen, and M. Bonitz, submitted for publication

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