Ultrafast terahertz and multiterahertz spectroscopy for a nonequilibrium Dirac semimetal Cd3As2 with periodic driving by light
Max Planck Quantum Matter Seminar
- Date: Mar 10, 2022
- Time: 03:00 PM - 04:00 PM (Local Time Germany)
- Speaker: Ryusuke Matsunaga
- University of Tokyo
- Location: online via Zoom
- Host: Gregor Jotzu
Optical properties of topological Dirac semimetals are attracting growing interest because 3D massless electrons show unique electromagnetic responses with a large interaction volume with light, providing a fascinating platform for studying ultrafast control of matter and promising application in optoelectronics and nonlinear optics . Their unique infrared responses originate from the gapless band structure, where interband and intraband transitions occur in a near energy scale and their balance can drastically change in nonequilibrium. To thoroughly derive their novel functionalities, in-depth understanding of nonequilibrium broadband complex response functions is indispensable. We have developed a phase-stable time-domain spectroscopy system in the multiterahertz range (10-50 THz in frequency, 40-200 meV in energy, or 6-30 μm in wavelength) , and studied ultrafast dynamics of a photoexcited Cd3As2 thin film with 30-fs time resolution. We found that photoexcitation largely suppresses the infrared refractive index by a factor of 5 due to the elevated plasma frequency . We also investigated how the response function changes during coherent light-matter interaction with periodic driving, i.e., under the formation of Floquet-Bloch state. Under a 30-THz periodic lightwave, we observed that stimulated Rayleigh scattering resonating between the Floquet subbands dominates the conductivity spectrum with the assistance of the collective plasmonic response . The result may pave a way for slow light generation in conductive materials at room temperature. We also introduce observation of anomalous Hall effect in the 3D Dirac semimetal induced by circularly-polarized light, and discuss it by considering the formation of the Floquet-Weyl state.
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