Imaging emergent correlated phases in the strontium ruthenates
Microstructured Quantum Matter Seminar
- Date: Sep 21, 2022
- Time: 10:30 AM - 11:30 AM (Local Time Germany)
- Speaker: Carolina De Almeida Marques
- University of St Andrews
- Location: CFEL (Bldg. 99)
- Room: Seminar Room IV, O1.111
- Host: Carsten Putzke
In strongly correlated electron materials, charge, spin and orbital degrees of freedom exhibit an intimate relationship, leading to new emergent phases that seemingly break the symmetries of the underlying crystal and are highly sensitive to external stimuli. This is well illustrated in the Ruddlesden-Popper series of the strontium ruthenates, Srn+1RunO3n+1, where a wide range of properties attributed to such physics can be found, including unconventional superconductivity, quantum criticality, metamagnetic transitions and ferromagnetism. In this talk, I present a detailed study of the low-energy electronic states at the surface of Sr2RuO4, an unconventional superconductor, and Sr3Ru2O7, an itinerant metamagnet associated with quantum criticality and nematicity.
Using low-temperature scanning tunnelling microscopy and spectroscopy, I demonstrate that the increased structural distortions in the surface layer of these materials lead to considerable changes in the Fermi surface, allowing the stabilization of new emergent phases beyond those accessible in the bulk. At the surface of Sr2RuO4, we found a checkerboard charge order intertwined with nematicity, and suppression of superconductivity. In Sr3Ru2O7, measurements at the surface reveal a magnetic ground state, with substantial anisotropy of the electronic states. Both systems have van Hove singularities within 5meV of the Fermi level, which we can tune by magnetic field.