Archiv 2017

Gastgeber: Sebastian Loth
The scanning tunneling microscope allows to build and study nanostructures at a single atom level. It can be further used to explore the ballistic electron transport regime by bringing the tip into contact with single atoms and molecules in a well-defined way. The measurement of quantum shot noise in nanoscopic contacts provides additional information on the underlying conduction processes and reveals a spin polarization of the current by single Fe and Co atoms between two gold electrodes. The impact of spin-orbit coupling on electron transport is demonstrated using single Ir atoms on a ferromagnetic substrate, where large changes of the anisotropic magnetoresistance are observed between the tunneling and the contact regime. In ballistic transport through a Mn-porphyrin molecule we demonstrate, that the voltage drop over the molecular junction moves from the tip-molecule gap to the molecule-substrate bond for higher conductances. This strongly modifies the shape of the measured Kondo resonance. [mehr]

Ultrafast spintronics with terahertz radiation

MPSD Seminar
Terahertz (THz) electromagnetic radiation is located in the gap that separates the realms of electronics (<1 THz) and optics (>30 THz). Sub-picosecond THz pulses are capable of probing and even controlling numerous low-energy excitations such as phonons, excitons and Cooper pairs. Here, we consider experiments showing that THz radiation is also a very useful and versatile tool in the fields of spintronics and ultrafast magnetism. First, we optically launch ultrafast spin transport and study its conversion into charge currents by means of the inverse spin Hall effect [Nature Nanotech. 8, 256 (2013)]. The charge current can be detected by sampling the concomitantly emitted THz radiation. This approach allows us to monitor ultrafast spin currents and provides a quick and easy estimate of the strength of the spin Hall effect in a contact-free manner. In addition, optimization of the spintronic structure has led to new, efficient and scalable emitters of THz pulses that fully cover the range from 1 to 30 THz without gap [Nature Photon. 10, 483 (2016)]. Second, we address spin-lattice coupling by selective excitation of optical phonons in the model ferrimagnetic insulator Y3Fe5O12 (YIG) and find a quenching of magnetic order on a time scale as short as 1 ps. This observation attests to a highly efficient coupling of crystal lattice and electron spins in this material. [mehr]
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