Max-Planck-Institut für Struktur und Dynamik der Materie
Parity odd magnetism and spin-phonon coupling in the pseudo-gap phase of cuprate superconductors
11:00 - 12:00
Materials Theory, ETH Zurich
CFEL (Bldg. 99)
Seminar Room IV, O1.111
A characteristic of ferroic materials is the emergence of a temporally static finite expectation value of an order parameter. Here, we introduce a new mechanism  for ferroic order, in which a non-zero quasi-static magnetoelectric quadrupolar order appears, mediated by a strong coupling of spin and phonon fluctuations. We show that our proposed mechanism is consistent, to our knowledge, with many experimental observations for the onset of the pseudo-gap phase in cuprate superconductors and therefore propose the quasi-static magnetoelectric quadrupole as a possible pseudo-gap order parameter. By using first-principles calculations in combination with our recent developed formalism [2,3], to calculate multipole moments within a Berry phase approach, we calculate the magnitude of the effect for the the prototypical cuprate superconductor, HgBa2CuO4+δ. Using these results we finally show that our mechanism embraces several key findings of experimental reports and in addition also aspects of previous theoretical models.
 M. Fechner, M. J. A. Fierz, F. Thöle, U. Staub, and N. A. Spaldin, arXiv:1510.04844 [cond-mat.supr-con] (2015).
 F. Thöle, M. Fechner, and N. A. Spaldin, arXiv:1603.03280 [cond-mat.mtrl-sci] (2016).
 N. A. Spaldin, M. Fechner, E. Bousquet, A. Balatsky, and L. Nordström, Phys. Rev. B 88, 094429 (2013).