Time-dependent quantum transport in nanosystems: A nonequilibrium Green's function approach
15:30 - 16:30
Department of Physics, University of Jyväskylä (Finland)
CFEL (Bldg. 99)
Seminar Room I, EG.076
Quantum transport is often discussed in the steady-state regime where the characteristics of the system are described in terms of the energy-dependent transmission or conductance. There is, however, no guarantee that this description would capture the essential physics in, say, atomic-scale junction operating at high frequencies. Therefore, we look for an accurate theory for describing the full time-dependence. The time-dependence also provides us with ''transient spectroscopy'' which can give detailed information about the nanosystems out of equilibrium.
In this talk, a time-dependent extension to the Landauer—Büttiker
approach is presented. The nonequilibrium Green's function approach is
employed for describing the charge and heat transport dynamics. The
importance of the method is that it provides a closed formula for the
time-dependent density matrix in both electronic and phononic systems.
In the electronic case the nonequilibrium conditions are due to a
switch-on of a bias voltage in the leads or a perturbation in the
junction whereas in the phononic case the central region is coupled to
reservoirs of different temperatures. In both cases the time-dependent
density matrices, and other transport properties such as local charge
and heat currents, may be evaluated without the necessity of propagating
individual single-particle orbitals or Green's functions. Furthermore,
several applications with, e.g., graphene-based circuitries are
presented and discussed.